高考英語閱讀七選五解題技巧

作者:劉亞波    發布時間:2017/3/26    瀏覽:286

高考英語閱讀七選五解題技巧

考點1 標題句

【典例】(2013·新課標全國卷片段)

Public Speaking Training …

  · 53   

If you find a public speaking course that looks as though it’s going to give you lots of dos and don’ts, walk away! Your brain is so full of what you’re going to be talking about. So trying to force a whole set of rules into it will just make things worse. As far as we’re concerned, there are basically no hard and fast rules about public speaking. Your audience can be your friends.

       

A. You aren’t like anybody else.

        B. You already do lots of things well.

        C. Turn your back on too many rules.

        D. Check the rules about dos and don’ts.

        E. Whatever the presentation, public speaking is tough.

        F. The one thing you don’t want is for them to fall asleep.

        G. So trying to force a whole set of rules into it will just make things worse.

你選__________

【解題思路】

      速讀短文, 試找出能歸納總結本段標題的句子并標出能概括標題的關鍵詞:

1. If you find a public speaking course that looks as though it’s going to give you lots of dos and don’ts, walk away!,

2. As far as we’re concerned, there are basically no hard and fast

3. rules about public speaking.


【解題技巧】

     段落關鍵詞語定標題

     (1)一般單獨成段, 標志為前有一些特殊符號或數字、字體黑色加粗等。常以單詞、短語或簡短的句子(以祈使句為主)來呈現。

     (2)選擇大標題時, 重點研究第一段和最后一段。

     (3)選擇小標題時, 需要把下面的整個段落讀懂, 并根據段落中的關鍵詞語歸納總結出主旨或中心。


考點2 段首句

【典例】(2015·全國卷片段)

        · 39 If you’ve been betrayed, you are the victim of your circumstance. But there’s a difference between being a victim and living with a “victim mentality”. At some point in all of our lives, we’ll have our trust tested or violated.

     A. Learn to really trust yourself.

     B. It is putting confidence in someone.

     C. Stop regarding yourself as the victim.

     D. Remember that you can expect the best in return.

     E. Seeing the positive side of things doesn’t mean you’re ignoring what happened.

     F. This knowledge carries over in their attitude toward their future relationships.

     G. They’ve been too badly hurt and they can’t bear to let it happen again.


你選__________

【解題思路】

     速讀短文, 試找出能歸納總結本段主旨的句子并標出體現主旨的信息詞:

1.If you’ve been betrayed, you are the victim of your circumstance.

2 But there’s a difference between being a victim and living with a “victim mentality”.


【解題技巧】

    邏輯與概括相結合

    (1)段落主題句。一般與后文是并列、轉折、因果關系等。著重閱讀后文第一、二句, 鎖定線索信號詞, 在選項中查找相關特征詞。通常正確答案與空白后的第一句在意思上是緊密銜接的, 這兩句間會有某種的銜接手段。再結合后文內容, 根據段落一致性原則, 查找同義詞或其他相關的信息詞, 最終推斷出主題句。

    (2)段落間的過渡句。前瞻后望找啟示, 即閱讀上一段結尾部分, 通常正確答案與上一段結尾有機地銜接起來, 并結合下一段內容, 看所選的答案是否能將兩段內容連貫起來。

 

考點3段中句

 

【典例】(2015•全國卷Ⅱ片段)

  …Before you begin your training, buy the best-fitting, best-built running shoes you can find. No one can say which brand will work best for you or feel best on your feet, so you have to rely on your experience and on the feel of each pair as you shop. When you have found shoes that seem right, walk in them for a few days to double-check the fit.  37 . As always, you should stretch(伸展)at least ten minutes before each run to prevent injuries.

        A. After six days

        B. For a good marathon runner

        C. Before you begin your training

        D. With each day, increase the distance by a half mile

        E. If they still feel good, you can begin running in them

        F. Time spent for preparation raises the quality of training

        G. Now you are ready to figure out a goal of improving distance and time

你選__________

【解題思路】

     速讀短文, 試找出與該題相關的句子, 并標出信息詞。

1.   No one can say which brand will work best for you or feel best on your feet. .

2.   When you have found shoes that seem right. . .

3.   . . . before each run to prevent injuries.


【解題技巧】

     1. 理清句子與句子之間的關系

     從邏輯意義上來看, 語段的句子與句子之間的關系分為并列、順序、層遞、轉折、總分、解釋、因果等關系。理解材料一定要把握語脈, 理清句際間的關系, 進而理解語段的內容。

      2. 找出句子之間的連接性詞語

      語句間的組合, 除了從語句間的意義關系分析外, 還可借助句子之間的連接性詞語來把握。常用的連接詞有:

      因果關系: so, therefore, thus, consequently, as a result等。

      并列關系: first, second, third. . . ; firstly, secondly, thirdly. . . ; first, next, then. . . ; for one thing, for another thing. . . 等。

  轉折關系: however, nevertheless, still, though, yet, otherwise等。
3.
詞匯替代或復現法

1)從詞匯線索上判斷---代詞    

英語表達中的代詞出現的頻率極高,代詞的作用是指代前面提及的名詞或形容詞概念,巧妙利用這樣的指代關系和根據代詞的單復數差異可以準確而快速地解題。   

2 從詞匯線索上判斷---同義詞/近義詞     

英語前言后語之間往往有同義詞、近義詞、近義表達語甚至相同詞匯的重復使用,這是我們解題的一個很好的判斷線索。其實就其本質而言,上文講的代詞和下文將涉及的上下義詞和同一范疇詞都是特殊的同義/近義詞。     

 

考點2 段末句

【典例】(2014•新課標全國卷Ⅱ片段)

Tips for Cooking on a Tight Schedule

      From my experience, there are three main reasons why people don’t cook more often: ability, money, and time. Ability is easily improved. Money is a topic I’ll save for another day. So today I want to give you some wisdom about how to make the most of the time you spend in the kitchen. Here are three tips for great cooking on a tight schedule:

     1. Think ahead. The moments when I think cooking is a pain are when I’m already hungry and there’s nothing ready to eat. So think ahead of the coming week. When will you have time to cook? Do you have the right materials already?  17

     A. Try new things.

     B. Ability is easily improved.

     C. Make three or four instead.

     D. Understand your food better.

     E. Cooking is a burden for many people.

     F. Let cooking and living simply be a joy rather than a burden.

     G. A little time planning ahead can save a lot of work later on.

你選__________

【解題思路】

     速讀短文, 試找出能總結、概括本段的句子并標出關鍵詞。

1.   Think ahead.

2.   So think ahead of the coming week.

3.   When will you have time to cook?

【解題技巧】

     1. 文章主題句

     通常文章第一段要提出文章的主題, 如果在段尾提出主題, 會用一些信號詞, 如轉折詞but, however等。特別是建議類說明文, 文章主題句常在首段段末。

     2. 結論、概括句

     結合前文內容, 查找相同詞、同義詞或其他相關的信息詞, 從而最終概括出結論句。注意在選項中查找表示結果、結論、總結等的信號詞, therefore, as a result, thus, hence, in short, to sum up, in a word等詞語。

     3. 承上啟下句

     結合本段內容認真閱讀下一段開頭句, 看是否與選項句緊密聯系起來, 以此判斷是否是承上啟下句。


 
鞏固練習
(一) 71 ________________

   Home can be a great place for children to study. It’s important to provide a workspace of their own where they can read books or just write a letter to their friends.

  Location (位置)

72 ____________ Kitchen and dining room are not so well suited for regular study, since books and pens get in the way of the day-to-day uses of those areas. Set up a place where a child can settle in and leave papers and pens at band without having to clear everything away each night. For a child that likes being alone, set aside a corner of his bedroom, but keep it separate from things like games, music and other hobbies not related to studying.

   Keeping Things in Order

     Parents should encourage their child to spread out, but to leave it neat and orderly when he isn’t using his workspace. Ownership is very important for self-respect. 73____________ The workplace should be personal, but not another part of the playroom.

  74____________ Encourage the whole family to help build a supportive environment that children need for success in school. Give them a good example of how to deal with problems, how to manage time and get things done in the right way. 75____________ Study will be more enjoyable and effective when supported by the whole family.

A. Attitude Is Everything.

B. Bring Organization into Your Home.

C. Here are several ways to choose a location.

D. Building a Good Home Learning Environment.

E. Hold a can-do attitude and your child will follow your example.

F. Setting up a space in a common area of your home can be a good idea for children.

G. A child who learns to organize his spare will carry organization into every corner of his life.

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