語法填空解題技巧

作者:劉亞波    發布時間:2017/2/24    瀏覽:334

語法填空解題技巧 
       I.
高考真題I
     If you feel stressed by responsibilities at work, you should take a step back and identify (
識別)those of   61     (great)and less importance. Then, handle the most important tasks first so you’ll feel a real sense of  62      (achieve). Leaving the less important things until tomorrow   63      (be) often acceptable.

Most of us are more focused  64     our tasks in the morning than we are later in the day. So, get an early start and try to be as productive  65    possible before lunch. This will give you the confidence you need to get you through the afternoon and go home feeling accomplished.

Recent  66      (study) show that we are far more productive at work if we take short breaks  67    (regular). Give your body and brain a rest by stepping outside for  68     while, exercising, or dong something you enjoy.

If you find something you love doing outside of the office, you’ll be less likely
  69      (bring) your work home. It could be anything-gardening, cooking, music, sports—but whatever it is,   70       (make) sure it’s a relief from daily stress rather than another thing to worry about.

II.考查方式和考點分布

一、語篇型語法填空的形式

在一篇200詞左右的語篇(短文或對話)中留出10處空白,部分空白的后面給出單詞的基本形式,要求考生根據上下文填寫空白處所需的內容,所填寫詞語不得超過三個。

二、語篇型語法填空的測試點

主要包括動詞時態、語態、情態動詞、非謂語動詞、名詞、形容詞、副詞、連詞、冠詞、代詞、介詞、復合句、強調句、感嘆句、倒裝句、反意疑問句、省略句、定于從句的連接詞和it的用法等。

三、語法填空的能力要求: 

1.閱讀/理解語篇的能力 2.分析句子結構的能力 3.熟練運用語法的能力  4.單詞拼寫能力和邏輯推理能力等。

III.解題思路

1、考生在對題目進行作答之前,要先對所給材料進行詳細閱讀;

2、做題時,句子中如果有提示詞,應該先判斷出所填詞語在句子中所充當的句子成分,例如,主語、謂語、賓語、定語、狀語等;最后根據其所充當的句子成分,加之其所處句子的語態等,選擇詞語的正確形式。

a、如果所給詞是名詞,一般填入它的___________形式;___________形式。

b、如果所給詞是形容詞,一般填入它的___________形式;___________形式; ___________形式; ___________形式。

c、如果所給詞是動詞,一般填入它的___________形式;___________形式;或___________形式。

3、在句子中沒有提示詞時,要填入的一般是冠詞、介詞、代詞、連接詞、關系詞、特殊疑問詞(含從屬連詞和并列連詞)等虛詞。
IV
.實戰練習
                                                                               A

One of my father’s favorite 1________ (say) as I was growing up was “Try it!”  I couldn't say I didn’t like something, 2________ it might be, until after I tried it. Over the years I’ve come to realize how much of my success I owe to my 3________ (accept) of those words as one of my values. My first job was just one I decided to try for a couple of years until I determined what I wanted to do as a career (職業). 4________ (actual) I believed I would work for a few years, get 5________ (marry), stay home and raise a family, so I didn’t think the job I took mattered that much. I couldn’t 6________(be) more mistaken. I mastered the skills of that 7________ (begin) level position and I was given the opportunity (機會) to move up through the company into 8________ (differ) positions. I accepted each new opportunity with the thought, “Well, I’ll try it; 9________ I don’t like it, I can always go back to my 10________ (early) position.” But I was with the same company for the past 28 years.

                        B          

LaRon Tunstill,1       is 14 and goes by the nickname "Ron Ron", took off his new sneakers and gave them to a 2         (home) man he met on the street.

Tunstill was handing out food to the poor people with PurpMe, a local nonprofit, 3           one man caught his eyes.

"You can tell he 4         (hurt) so many times," Tunstill said. The teenager sat down close 5        the man, began talking to him and he noticed his worn-out shoes. The soles(鞋底) were 6        (complete) gone. His toes touched the ground. "He didn't want to take the shoes at first but I told him to take them because that's 7         God wanted me to do," Tunstill said.

    Reynolds, founder of PurpMe, took a picture of the sweet moment and posted it to Facebook. The photo quickly spread and 8          ( receive) 12,000 likes and over 8,000 shares.

    "Ron Ron was a wild kid. He grew up in an area where people get 9         (shoot) all the time, " Reynolds said. "The streets affected him a little, and at one point, he was fighting more ".

    Yet. Reynolds started instructing him and the teen began working with PurpMe. Reynolds said. "We may not have much ourselves, but we do the best with what we got. We just want to start a movement of people loving and helping one 10          .

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