第一節 閱讀理解（共15小題； 每小題2分，滿分30分）
Foreign attacks on US soil
1812 ---- During the War of 1812, British forces burned the new capital at Washington, D. C. They also attacked Baltimore and New Orleans and captured（占領） Detroit, which at the time was a remote military outpost (前哨基地).
1846 ---- A brief invasion by Mexican troops across the Rio Gande began the U. S.-- Mexican War in 1846. But the remaining action in that conflictoccurred in California, New Mexico and in Mexico. California and New Mexico belonged to Mexico at the time.
1916 ---- Mexican revolutionaries led by Pancho Villa attacked the town of Columbus, N. M., on March 9, 1916.
1941---- Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawaii on Dec. 7, 1941, killing nearly 2,400 people and forcing America into World War II.
1993 ---- Terrorists（恐怖主義者） blew up a truck bomb in the basement of the World Trade Center in February 1993, killing six people and injuring more than 1,000.
2001 ---- Terrorists hijacked(劫機) several planes on Sep.11, 2001. Two ploughed into（撞入） New York’s World Trade Center (WTC), toppling the two highest buildings in the city; a third seriously damaged the Pentagon(五角大樓). The fourth hijacked plane crashed in Pennsylvania. Several thousand people were killed in the attacks.
21．During the War of 1812, British forces did the following except that _____.
A. they captured Detroit
B. they attacked Baltimore and New Orleans
C. they attacked the town of Columbus, N. M.
D. they burned the new capital at Washington, D. C.
22. During the September 11th terrorist attacks, _____.
A. terrorists hijacked three planes
B. destroyed the Pentagon completely
C. killed six people and injured more than 1,000
D. two planes knocked into New York’s World Trade Center
23. The underlined word “toppling” in the last paragraph means _____.
A. reaching the highest point of B. causing to fall
C. knocking into D. building
24. How many foreign attacks mentioned in the passage did the US have?
A. 5 B. 6 C. 7 D. 8
It was a warm April day when a big fat envelope came in the mail from the only college I had ever imagined attending. I tore open the packet. My eyes were fixed on the word "congratulations". I don't remember ever smiling so wide.
Then I looked at my financial package.
The cost of Dream School's tuition, room and board was around $ 40,000---an impossible sum !
How could I afford to attend? What good reasons did I have to go there when three other fine colleges were offering me free tuition? My other choices were good, solid schools even if they weren't as famous as my first choice.
In my mind, attending my dream university would be the only way to realize my dream of becoming a world-class writer. My parents understood how l felt. They told me that even though it would be a financial problem, I could go wherever I would be happiest. But as I was always careful with money, l wasn't sure what to do.
One of the schools that offered me a full ride had an informational dinner one night in the spring. Considering my parents' financial difficulties, l decided to drive the 45 minutes and attend. At first, all I had planned to do was smile politely, eat free food, listen quietly. But I surprised myself.
At dinner the president of the university talked about the wonderful activities on campus including guest lectures and social gatherings. He also made it perfectly clear that free food would be offered at all future events. He continued with explanations of professors, class sizes, activities, and sporting events on campus. As he spoke, I began to realize that this school, though not as good as my first choice, might be the best one for me. It seemed small yet with many great programs. It seemed challenging yet caring.
As the president(校長) ended his speech, we clapped politely and pushed back our chain (拘束). As I walked out of that door, a feeling of comfort washed over me. Looking at the campus that night, l realized that I would be spending the next four years fighting there.
In all honesty, my university is not as well-known as my "dream" university. However, it turned out to be the right choice of schools for me.
25. Where was the letter the writer received on a warm April day from?
A. His dream college.
B. One of the colleges he had applied to.
C. One of the colleges that promised him free tuition.
D. The college that he finally went to.
26. We can learn from the passage that the parents were _____.
A. honest B. strict C. supportive D. decisive (決定性的)
27. In Paragraph 5, "offered me a full ride" can be replaced by " _____".
A. would pay for transport to the school B. would show me around the campus
C. would offer free meals at all events D. would charge me nothing for tuition
28. What does the author mainly want to say?
A. You should consider comfort in your choice of schools.
B. Your second-choice college may actually be your best fit.
C. You should try your best to attend your dream school.
D. Your choice of schools should be based on their fame.
Pizza first came to America with the flood of Italian immigrants（移民）moving there in the late 19th century. They brought this tasty dish to the Italian neighborhoods of major urban areas. It was sold by street vendors(小販) and restaurants in cities such as New York City, Chicago and Philadelphia. The story is often told of street vendors who walked the streets of Chicago carrying a washtub full of pizzas on their heads, selling pies for 2 cents. This is the way the dish was traditionally sold in Naples, the town of its origin
Most people believe that the first pizzeria in the United States was the one opened by Gennaro
Lombardi in Manhattan in 1905. He was an Italian immigrant who ran a grocer（雜貨店）. He founded a small pizzeria on Manhattan's Spring Street. It was Just a little hole in the wall that didn't even have chairs until the 1930s！
Lombardi‘s shop pioneered the selling of single slices. Until 1905, pizzas were sold as whole pies only. They were sold for 5 cents a pie. Since most people couldn't pay for this and wanted just a quick meal, he started slicing up the pies and selling the individual slices more cheaply
Before World War II, you could only find this delicious dish in the Italian neighborhoods of major cities. There wasn't a pizzeria on every street like there is now. However, after the war, there was one thing that promoted the popularity of this dish. It was the servicemen that were stationed in Italy during the war. While over there, they developed a taste for this simple and easy-to-eat dish. They came back from the war and began telling everybody about it. The Italian dish has quickly become a necessity for Americans
29. What is Paragraph I mainly about?
A. What pizza was favored in history.
B. How pizza was started in America.
C. Why pizza became a tasty dish
D. Where pizza originated
30. What does the text say about the first pizza shop in the US?
A. It sold pies in slices. B. It was well furnished.
C. It was started in 1930. D. It covered a large area.
31. How did the servicemen make pizza popular in the US?
A. By making it easy to eat. B. By introducing it to others.
C. By bringing it from abroad. D. By improving the taste of it.
Steven Stein likes to follow garbage trucks. His strange habit makes sense when you consider that he’s an environmental scientist who studies how to reduce rubbish, including things that fall off garbage trucks as they drive down the road. What is even more interesting is that one of Stein's jobs is defending an industry behind the plastic shopping bags.
Americans use more than 100 billion thin film plastic bags every year. So many end up in tree branches or along highways that a growing number of cities do not allow them at checkouts(收銀臺) . The bags are banned in some 90 cities in California, including Los Angeles. Eyeing these headwinds, plastic-bag makers are hiring scientists like Stein to make the case that their products are not as bad for the planet as most people assume.
Among the bag makers' argument: many cities with bans still allow shoppers to purchase paper bags, which are easily recycled but require more energy to produce and transport. And while plastic bags may be ugly to look at, they represent a small percentage of all garbage on the ground today.
The industry has also taken aim at the product that has appeared as its replacement: reusable shopping bags. The stronger a reusable bag is, the longer its life and the more plastic-bag use it cancels out. However, longer-lasting reusable bags often require more energy to make. One study found that a cotton bag must be used at least 131 times to be better for the planet than plastic.
Environmentalists don't dispute（質疑） these points. They hope paper bags will be banned someday too and want shoppers to use the same reusable bags for years.
32. What has Steven Stein been hired to do?
A. Help increase grocery sales. B. Recycle the waste material.
C. Stop things falling off trucks. D. Argue for the use of plastic bags.
33 What does the word “headwinds” in paragraph 2 refer to?
A. Bans on plastic bags. B. Effects of city development.
C. Headaches caused by garbage. D. Plastic bags hung in trees.
34. What is a disadvantage of reusable bags according to plastic-bag makers?
A. They are quite expensive. B. Replacing them can be difficult.
C. They are less strong than plastic bags. D. Producing them requires more energy.
35. What is the best title for the text?
A. Plastic, Paper or Neither B. Industry, Pollution and Environment
C. Recycle or Throw Away D. Garbage Collection and Waste Control
第二節 補全短文 （共5小題；每題2分，滿分10分）
The African elephant, the largest land animal remaining on earth, is of great importance to African ecosystem. 31 As a big plant-eater, it largely shapes the forest-and-savanna (大草原) surroundings in which it lives, therefore setting the terms of existence for millions of other animals that live in its habitat(棲息地).
32 In its continuous search for the 300 pounds of plants it must have every day, it kills small trees and underbushes, and pulls branches off big trees. This results in numerous open spaces in both deep tropical forests and in the woodlands that cover part of the African savannas. 33 They are in various stages of growth, which attracts a variety of other plant-eaters.
Take the rain forests for example. In their natural state, the spreading branches overhead shut out sunlight and prevent the growth of plants on the forest floor. 34 In such situations, the forests become suitable for large hoofed plant-eaters to move around and for small plant-eaters to get their food as well.
35 If the elephant disappears, scientists say, many other animals will also disappear from vast areas of forest and savanna, greatly changing and worsening the whole ecosystem.
A. In these open spaces are numerous plant.
B. What worries scientists now is that the African elephant has become an endangered species.
C. Unlike other animals, the African elephant is to a great extent the builder of its environment.
D. The elephants can survive in different environments.
E. By pulling down trees and eating plants, elephants make open spaces, allowing new plants to grow on the forest floor.
F. It is the elephant's great desire for food that makes it a disturber of the environment and an important builder of its habitat.
G. The eating habit of elephants is greatly damaging their habitat.
答案 CDBB ACDB BAD DADA CFAEB